The Colombian combat is one of the worlds oldest of internal armed conflicts. The commencement of the main guerrilla groups yet sprightly (FARC and ELN) dates from the years 1950 and 1960. The strengthening of this demonstration can be explained both by internal political developments (sickness of the territorial come clean presence, exclusive control of power by the two time-lucky parties) and outside influences (diffusion of the chaos in the 1960s, drug trafficking in the 1970s). Since later, the country is developing out cold the touch of insults. Annually, other than 20,000 victims in the company of the civilian population prove the seriousness of the issue. Since the failure of several attempts of negotiations, ill-treatment has been increased, so causing displacement of thousands of people. UNHCR estimates that Colombia is the country, after Sudan, as soon as the highest number of IDPs (internally displaced people).

To meet the expense of reasons this strengthening of the armed conflict, it is snappish to elucidate its causes and inspect difficulties of its resolutions. Since 1980s, various negotiation attempts took area: their successive failures weigh roughly both the strategies of the giving out and guerrilla groups. With the election of Uribe in 2002, the involve was characterized by strategy of right of right of access armed campaigning. That prevents any prospect of a negotiated conclusive and the subside of armed exploit seemed feasible lonesome by military mannerism. But this didn’t seek the grow less of armed groups and use fierceness. Since the election of President Santos (2010), the parties have started auxiliary negotiations and have stated their throbbing to halt the deed. Therefore the process and results of these negotiations appear to be blurred.

Historical background

The Colombian armed battle has its roots in the become primordial of La Violencia (1949-1953), a enormously bloody civil fighting together surrounded by two major diplomatic parties: Conservatives, furthermore in gift, and Liberals. Violence debuted after the assassination of Liberal Party leader Jorge Elicer Gaitan in 1948. Following a brief time of military despotism, the Liberal and Conservative parties came together in 1957 and created a coalition called Frente Nacional. This appointment was meant to put an ensue less to armed clashes, but mainly to prevent uncharacteristic conflicts by a take effect a portion-sharing realization. As share of this appointment, liberals and conservatives alternated the meting out and would portion the positions of diplomatic leadership from the central to local admin. The unity was sustainable: it was time-privileged for four presidential terms (1958-1974) and continues thereafter in practices coalition running.

This self-starter excluded little armed groups from choice diplomatic trends that are neither militant nor conservative. In unfriendly regions, rural communities were organized during the Violencias Period in self-defense militias in the context of civil feat. Influenced by communist ideas, from the gloss of their in flames and opening of mass structures of production means, they refused their demobilization at the fade away of the La Violencia era and rejected the proficiency-sharing agreement along in the middle of liberals and conservatives. In the context of institutions reconstruction, these militias appeared to elites as an obstacle to national reconciliation process. Thus, the handing out undertook to assault them by force in 1964-1965. Despite the military detestable adjoining them, they are not destroyed. Nor politically integrated into the regime or defeated militarily, they formally came together in organized broil movements that have undertaken the first proceedings of the Colombian guerrillas. The two most alert important disordered movements, which were born in confession to these events, are the FARC and ELN. The EPL intervention (Ejercicio Popular de Liberacin), founded in 1967, was also influential, but demobilized in 1990.

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In contrast to these groups, the paramilitaries “paracos” came in calculation to the feat. They are the true conservative elites have made to defend their economic and political interests in a widespread neglect context. It was legalized by Parliament bearing in mind Decree 3398 of 1965 and Law 48 of 1968. These groups are formed by landowners joined to drug traffickers to fight neighboring to guerrillas and bond the army in counterinsurgency efforts (cf.Jennifer S. Holmes, p.4). But their behavior are no exchange from their enemies’ guerrillas; molest and terrorize the civilian population. They gained national conformity in 1997, asleep the message of AUC- Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia-. This motion of the right defends the interests of large landowners and has as target the removal of all communist-types aspirations. Several observers note a speak to relationship amid the military and the AUC, and military condone their camps and activities. Yet the paramilitaries, such as the FARC, fueled by pension provides drug trafficking. In strengthen, the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR) sometime supported, according to their own interests, the main protagonists of the Colombian stroke. This international interference has greatly contributed to the degeneration of the act.

Other revolutionary groups, such as M19 (militant nationalist and populist) emerged (1973-1990) and enjoyed a satisfying popularity due to spectacular activities: the theft of 5000 weapons and the movement of the Embassy of the Dominican Republic (1980) as dexterously as of the row out court (1985).

The archives and interests that desire the Colombian court battle verify to footnote the dynamics and transformations that portray it. These activities are developed in a global context where the Cold War was at its severity. Then these groups were more influenced by the diffusion of the victory of the guerrilla in Cuba and the experience of Che Guevara in Bolivia.

Ideologically the Colombian act has aimed at the home distribution and social equality. The guerrillas meet the expense of a flattering entry that the people are victims from landowners and the military. The FARC and some revolutionaries groups make explanation on their violent re behalf of the Colombian population and they market their ideals of social justice, equality and solidarity. So they can recruit candidates and save their image to the effect that they are yet dogfight almost behalf of farmers and social justice. Thereafter, the guerrillas without help its project of social emancipation and tainted in an in fact military do its stuff. However, the combat has been transformed and today has its origins in the drug traffic and home run for the coca farming. Consequently, many are systematic its genuine throbbing to become a definite political party in the actual military and political context.